Deals with the supporting structures of teeth, known as the periodontium. Literally taken, it means study of that which is “around the tooth”. Periodontal diseases take on many different forms, but are usually a result of bacterial infection of the gums.
Oral Prophylaxis (Scaling):
Sometimes regular brushing and using dental floss will not always assist you in getting rid of deposits on teeth. Occasionally you might need professional dental cleaning to remove such unseen and unwanted deposits that cause bad breath, bleeding or receding gums or tooth decay.
It is advisable to get a scaling done twice a year or al least once a year.
Gum Diseases including gingivitis and periodontitis, are serious infections that if left untreated, can lead to tooth loss. Gum disease is usually caused by a build-up of plaque (contains bacteria), an invisible sticky layer of germs that forms naturally on the teeth and gums.
In advanced periodontal disease, when scaling and root planning have been unsuccessful in eliminating the entire pocket of decay, or when there has been bone loss that needs to be surgically corrected, then a dentist may perform periodontal flap surgery.
Gum Contouring is a surgical procedure where in the gums are shaped by surgical incisions, under local anaesthesia to a more aesthetically balanced appearance. This is called a simple cosmetic gum lift.